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2020年景人英语三级考试语法辅导之动词虚拟口气




              

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【摘要】成人英语三级考试内容包括阅览了解、词语用法与语法规划、挑错、完形填空和英汉互译五有些。为了协助我们高效备考2020年景人英语三级考试,顺畅获得成人本科学士学位证书,举世网校修改收拾了成人英语三级考试备考材料《2020年景人英语三级考试语法辅导之动词虚拟口气》。


                                
2020年景人英语三级考试语法辅导之动词虚拟口气


I. 要害


标明说的话不是实际,或许是不可以能发生的情况,而是一种期望、主张或与实际相反的假定等。一般常用于正式的书面语中。


1、 虚拟口气的构成


景象 条件从句的谓语动词 主句的谓语动词


与如今实际相反 动词曩昔式 (be要用were) should


+动词原形


would


与曩昔实际相反 had +曩昔分词 should


+have+曩昔分词


would


与将来实际相反 1、动词曩昔时


2、should +动词原形


3、were to +动词原形 should


+动词原形


would


注:假定条件从句谓语动词包富含were或had, should, could有时可将if省去, 但要倒装。如:


Had you (If you had) invited us, we would have come to your party.


2、 虚拟口气在各种从句的使用


(1) 在主语从句顶用来标明惊奇、怅惘、理应如此等,其谓语方法是"should(可省) +动词原形",常用于以下三种句型中。


句型一:It is necessary (important, natural, strange, etc) that…


句型二:It is a pity (a shame, no wonder, etc) that…


句型三:It is suggested (requested, proposed, desired, etc) that…


如: It is strange that he (should) have done that.


It is a pity that he (should) be so careless.


It is requested that we (should) be so careless.


(2) 在宾语从句顶用于suggest, propose, move, insist, desire, demand, request, order, command等动词后的宾语从句中,表直接的指令和主张。其谓语方法是"(should)+动词原形"。如:


I suggest that we (should) go swimming.


(3) 在表语从句中,标明直接的指令,需求、恳求、主张、抉择等,主句中的主语一般是suggestion, proposal, request, orders, idea等。从句谓语方法是"(should)+动词原形"。如:


His suggestion is that we (should) leave at once.


(4) 在同位语从句中,谓语方法是"(should)+动词原形"。如:


We received order that the work be done at once.


(5) 在It is time that…句型中,其谓语动词方法是"动词的曩昔式"或


"should +动词原形",should不可以省。如:It's time (that) we went ( should go) to school.


II. 例题


例1 We had hoped that he ____ longer.


A stays B have stayed C stayed D would stay


解析:该题正确答案为D。had hoped标明"本期望",相同用法的动词还有think, expect等,后边的语句需用虚拟口气


例2 "Mary wants to see you today".


"I would rather she ____ tomorrow than today."


A comes B came C should come D will come


解析:该题正确答案为B。would rather后边的从句需用虚拟口气,用动词曩昔时标明。


例3 Had she been older, she ____ it better.


A had done B might have done C might do D would do


解析:Had she been older=If she had been old. 故该题正确答案为B。


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