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英语的“时态”来一波,十六种时态之一般曩昔时,会用在哪些场景



??前期回忆:一般如今时;英语的“时态”来一波,再细品一下英语中的十六中时态吧!本期内容:一般以前时;下期内容:一般将来时;

1、甚么是一般以前时?

①暗示以前某个时分里发生的动作或情况;(以前习气性、常常性的动作、行为;以前主语所具有的才能和性格。)

2、一般以前时怎样用?

①带有必定的以前时分状语时,必要使用以前时

-> 暗示以前时分状语的单词有:yesterday[昨日],two days ago[两天前],the other day[头几天],last year[旧年],once upon a time[好久之前],just now[适才],in the old days[以前的日子里],when I was 12 years old[当我12岁时],at + 一个时分点;

-> 语句1:Her heart anguished within her when she learned that her husband had fallen in battle before 2020. [得知丈夫2020年前已阵亡的动态,她心里万分痛楚。]

-> anguished:adj. 极点痛楚的,v. 使极点痛楚(anguish的以前式);

-> 语句2:He made a decision just now.[他方才作出抉择。]

②暗示以前持续发生的动作时

[注重:这类环境下,常常没有暗示以前的时分状语,而经由进程上下文来暗示。]

-> 语句1:The Chinese anticipated the European discovery of gunpowder.[我国人先于欧洲人创造炸药。]

-> anticipated:adj. 预期的;盼望的;v. 预见(anticipate的以前分词);期望

-> gunpowder:n. 炸药;有烟炸药

-> 语句2:He appealed against the five-year sentence he had been given.[他对被判五年徒刑提出上诉。]

-> appealed:v. 号令(appeal的以前分词);乞助;诉请

-> sentence:n. [语][计] 语句,出题;宣判,判决;vt. 判决,宣判

③暗示以前一段时分内常常或再三的动作

-> 语句1:Before his departure from the company, he often attributed his contributions to the other fellow workers.[在离任前,他常将本身对公司的进献归功于其他火伴

。]

④夸大已中止的习气时要用used to do

-> used to do:以前常常做,而如今不那样做了。

-> 语句1:Max used to be arbitrary in making a decision.[麦克斯以前常片面臆断地做抉择。]

-> arbitrary:adj. [数] 任意的;决断的;独裁的

-> 语句2:She used to amuse herself with a book when it was too rainy to play outside.[以前,当雨大不适合在外面玩时,她常常看书消遣。]

-> amuse:vt. 文娱;消遣;使失笑;使酣畅

⑤某些语句虽没有暗示以前确准时刻的状语,但其实是指以前发生的动作或存在的情况,也必要使用以前时

[咱们常常会用错,所以要出格注重!]

-> I didn't notice the war was approaching.[我适才没意想到战争已光临了。]

-> approaching: v. 接近(approach的ing形式);[航] 出场;侵入

(因为在遣词时,我已意想到战争光临了。这句话指的是遣词早年,所以只能用以前时暗示。实际上,这句话暗指:But now I have noticed that.)

3、动词以前式的改造纪律